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基于WOS与CSCD文献计量的中国昆虫学 研究透视(2011—2016)
A bibliometric analysis of Chinese entomology based on WOS and CSCD between 2011 and 2016
刘雨芳
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作者单位:湖南科技大学生命科学学院,园艺作物病虫害治理湖南省重点实验室,湘潭 411201
中文关键词:中国,昆虫学,文献计量分析,Web of Science数据库,中国科学引文数据库
英文关键词:China, entomology, bibliometric analysis, Web of Science database (WOS), Chinese Science Citation Database (CSCD)
中文摘要:采用文献计量学的方法,统计2011—2016年中国昆虫学研究者发表的SCI与CSCD论文,客观地计量分析中国昆虫学研究的发展。在Web of ScienceTM核心合集中共检索到中国昆虫学研究者发表SCI文献6 589篇,被引频次40 649,论文来源于2 899个研究机构,来源出版物1 461种。研究的主要内容表现为昆虫生物化学与分子生物学、杀虫剂及其抗性生理、昆虫系统发育及分类学、昆虫的发育及生理学、害虫防治等方面。在CSCD中共检索到中国昆虫学研究文献6 407篇,被引频次7 641,文献来源于2 833个研究机构,来源出版物282种。研究的主要内容为昆虫分类学、昆虫生物化学与分子生物学、昆虫生理生态学、种群生物学、害虫生物防治及天敌与资源昆虫研究,昆虫超微结构、昆虫生物多样性与群落结构等方面。中国昆虫学研究形成了核心作者群,研究机构与研究人员与国内外的机构与团队有较广泛的合作,SCI研究论文数量逐年增加,论文被引用频次也迅速增加。CSCD昆虫学研究论文被引用频次迅速增加,但文献数量呈下降趋势。中国农业科学院植物保护研究所、中国科学院动物研究所等单位集中了中国昆虫学研究优势力量,在促进中国昆虫学学科发展中发挥了重要作用。
英文摘要:

To quantitatively analyze the current state of entomological research in China based on published literature from Chinese authors indexed in both the Science Citation Index (SCI) and the Chinese Science Citation Database (CSCD). Bibliometric methods were used to analyze entomological articles by Chinese researchers in the SCI and CSCD between 2011 and 2016. A total of 6 589 SCI articles that had been cited 40 649 times were published in 1,461 journals by authors from 2 899 Chinese institutions. These articles mainly focused on the biochemistry, molecular biology, insecticides, the physiology of insecticide resistance, phylogeny, taxonomy, development, physiology, and the biological control of insect pests. A total of 6 407 CSCD articles that had been cited 7 641 times were published in 282 journals by authors from Chinese 2,833 institutions. These articles mainly focused on taxonomy, biochemistry, molecular biology, physiological ecology, population biology, biological control, insects that provide economic resources, natural enemies of insect pests, ultrastructure, biodiversity and insect communities. [Conclusion] A core group of entomological authors has developed in China that has established extensive cooperation with institutions and researchers worldwide. The quantities and citation frequency of Chinese authors in the SCI literature has increased rapidly. The citation frequency of CSCD literature has also increased rapidly, however, the number of CSCD papers has slightly decreased. Researchers who have played a major role in promoting the development of entomology in China are predominantly concentrated in the Institute of Plant Protection, The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and The Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Zoology.

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