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黄色诱虫板对稻飞虱的诱集和防治效果
Trapping and controlling effects of the yellow sticky card on rice planthoppers
常晓丽1** 武向文2 杜兴彬3 袁永达1 张天澍1陆 爽4 沈慧梅2 滕海媛1 王
点击:1649次 下载:39次
DOI:10.7679/j.issn.2095-1353.2016.111
作者单位:1. 上海市农业科学院生态环境保护研究所,上海 201403;2. 上海市农业技术推广服务中心,上海 201103;3. 上海市农业科学院庄行综合试验站,上海 201415;4. 上海市浦东新区农业技术推广中心,上海 201201
中文关键词:稻飞虱,黄色诱虫板,诱集,防治
英文关键词:rice planthoppers, yellow sticky card, trapping, control
中文摘要:

【目的】 评价黄色诱虫板对稻飞虱的控制作用,为稻飞虱的非化学防控提供科学依据。【方法】在田间悬挂黄色诱虫板,调查稻飞虱的诱集情况,并同盘拍结果进行比较。【结果】 上海水稻白背飞虱Sogatella furcifera (Horváth)成虫的发生高峰期集中在8月下旬;而灰飞虱Laodelphax striatellus(Fallén)褐飞虱Nilaparvata lugens (Stål)成虫发生高峰期主要集中在9月中旬3种稻飞虱成虫的发生动态来看,灰飞虱发生最为严重,黄色诱虫板最高诱集数为6.12±4.50/(),每板每天平均诱集成虫数大于等于2头的有18个水稻品种,其余6个水稻品种诱集的成虫数虽然少于2头,但是都能诱集到成虫;其次是白背飞虱,最高诱集数为2.29±0.13/(),每板每天平均诱集成虫数大于等于1头的有7个水稻品种,其余17个水稻品种诱集的成虫数虽然少于1头,但是都能诱集到成虫;再次是褐飞虱,最高诱集数为1.50±1.85/(),每板每天平均诱集成虫数大于等于1头的有1个水稻品种,其余23个水稻品种诱集的成虫数均少于1头,其中3个水稻品种在10月中旬均没有诱集到1头成虫。总体而言,黄色诱虫板对3种稻飞虱的最高诱集数为7.50±4.36/(),每板每天平均诱集成虫数大于等于2头的有23个水稻品种,仅1个水稻品种诱集的成虫数少于2头。黄色诱虫板下部离水稻冠层越近,诱集的成虫越多【结论】 黄色诱虫板对稻飞虱成虫具有较好诱杀效果,可有效降低成虫种群数量作为一种非化学防控方法,黄色诱虫板的使用可有效降低化学杀虫剂的使用量。

英文摘要:

[Objectives]  The controlling effect of the yellow sticky card on rice planthoppers was estimated, which will provide scientific basis for decreasing the dosage of the chemical insecticides. [Methods]  Yellow sticky cards were used to trap rice planthoppers in the field, which was compared with white porcelain plate-flapping method. [Results]  The number of the adult white-backed planthoppers Sogatella furcifera (Horváth)(WBPH) was maximum in the late August in Shanghai. The highest population density of both the adult small brown planthoppers, Laodelphax striatellus (Fallén)(SBPH) and brown planthoppers, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (BPH) and planthoppers (PH) occurred in the medium September. On the whole, the number of adult SBPHs was the highest among three adult rice planthoppers. The maximum of adult SBPHs was (6.12±4.50) per card per day. There were 18 rice varieties that the averages of adult SBPHs were equal or larger than two per card per day, and for the other six rice varieties, the averages were less than two, and all cards trapped adult SBPHs during the investigating period. For WBPH, the maximum of adult WBPHs was (2.29±0.13) per card per day. There were seven rice varieties that the averages of adult WBPHs were equal or larger than one per card per day, and for the other 17 rice varieties, they were less than one, and all cards trapped adult WBPHs. For BPH, the maximum of adult BPHs was (1.50±1.85) per card per day. There was one rice variety that the average of adult BPHs was equal or larger than one per card per day, and for the other 23 rice varieties, they were less than one, especially, there were three rice varieties of which didn’t trapped adult BPHs. In conclusion, the maximum of three rice planthoppers was (7.50±4.36) per card per day. There were 23 rice varieties that the means of adult PHs were equal or larger than two per card per day, and only one rice varieties that the average was less than two. The height of the yellow sticky card was an important factor for trapping adult rice planthoppers. The closer the distance from the lower fringe of the yellow sticky card to the top of the rice was, the more adult rice planthoppers were trapped. [Conclusion]  Using yellow sticky card in rice field was significantly effective for controlling adult rice planthoppers, because it can greatly reduce the number of adult rice planthoppers. It will be a perfect non-chemical control measure, which will effevtively decrease the usage of chemical insecticides.

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