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山东省探照灯诱虫器和地面灯诱虫器诱集昆虫群落结构
Community structure of insects in Shandong province as revealed by searchlight and ground light-traps
宋海燕 李丽莉 张晴晴 孙晨可 李 超 卢增斌 朱振国 于 毅 门兴元
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DOI:10.7679/j.issn.2095-1353.2021.073
作者单位:山东省农业科学院植物保护研究所,济南 250100
中文关键词:探照灯诱虫器;地面灯诱虫器;迁飞;群落结构
英文关键词:searchlight trap; ground light-trap; migration; community structure
中文摘要:
目的】 山东省是昆虫南北迁飞的关键路径,了解山东省的迁飞性昆虫群落结构,对明确迁飞性昆虫种类,并对其进行预测预报具有重要意义。【方法】 在山东省14个地区建立监测点,每个监测点于2018年9月-10月利用探照灯诱虫器和地面灯诱虫器诱集昆虫。【结果】 14个监测点共诱捕到昆虫有12目54科408种,其中探照灯诱虫器诱集到11目45科388种,地面灯诱虫器诱集到12目46科365种,探照灯诱虫器诱集的主要昆虫类群为鳞翅目79.12%、鞘翅目(9.42%)、直翅目(8.14%)和脉翅目(2.26%)。地面灯诱虫器诱集的主要昆虫类群为鳞翅目68.84%、鞘翅目(23.46%)、膜翅目(3.69%)、直翅目(1.50%)、半翅目(1.14%)。探照灯诱虫器诱集昆虫数量显著多于地面灯诱虫器。【结论】 阐明了山东省昆虫群落结构和多样性,并证实了许多重大昆虫在山东省存在迁飞性。
英文摘要:
[Objectives]  Shandong province is an important pathway for the north-south migration of many insect species in China. Understanding the community structure of migratory insects in Shandong is therefore important for identifying migratory insect species and predicting their population dynamics. [Methods]  14 monitoring sites were established in Shandong province and searchlight and ground light-traps deployed on each site to monitor insects from September to October 2018. [Results]  A total of 408 insect species (12 orders and 54 families) were identified in 14 areas. Search light trapping resulted in a total of 388 insect species (12 orders and 45 families) being identified, whereas ground-light trapping identified 365 insect species (11 orders and 46 families). The main orders captured in searchlight traps were the Lepidoptera (79.12%), Coleoptera (9.42%), Orthoptera (8.14%) and Neuroptera (2.26%), and the main orders captured by ground-light traps were the Lepidoptera (68.84%), Coleoptera (23.46%), Hymenoptera (3.69%), Orthoptera (1.50%) and Hemiptera (2.26%). Searchlight traps captured more insects than ground light-traps. [Conclusion]  These results reveal the structure and diversity of the Shandong insect community, and confirm the migratory behavior of many important insect species in this province.
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