刊期:双月刊
主管单位:中国科学院
主办单位:中国科学院动物研究所,中国昆虫学会
地址:北京市朝阳区北辰西路1号院5号中国科学院动物研究所
邮编:100101
电话:010-64807137
传真:010-64807137
E-Mail:entom@ioz.ac.cn
刊号:ISSN 2095-1353
        CN 11-6020/Q
国内发行代号:2-151
国际发行代号:BM-407
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:138元/册
定价:828元/年
银行汇款:中国工商银行北京海淀西区支行
户名:中国科学院动物研究所
帐号:0200 0045 0908 8125 063

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2008年45卷第1期



兴安鹿蹄草传粉昆虫及其访花行为
An observation on pollinating insects and their flowervisiting behavior on Pyrola dahurica
马玉心1,2**;蔡体久1***
点击:1596次 下载:0次
DOI:
作者单位:1东北林业大学林学院 哈尔滨 150040;2 牡丹江师范学院生物系 牡丹江 157012
中文关键词:兴安鹿蹄草, 传粉昆虫, 访花行为, 访花频率
英文关键词:Pyrola dahurica, pollinators, flower visiting behavior, visiting frequencies
中文摘要:

对兴安鹿蹄草(Pyrola dahurica(H.Andr.) Kom.)访花昆虫种类、访花频率、访花时间、访花行为进行初步研究。结果表明:(1)兴安鹿蹄草的访花昆虫有3目、10科、16种,其中传粉昆虫为5科9种,主要的传粉昆虫为杂棘蝇Phaonia hybrida ssp.、熊蜂Bombus ignitus、东北驼花天牛Piidonia puziloi(Soisky)及花蚤rdellidae sp.。(2)各种传粉昆虫访花频率差异较大,杂棘蝇和花蚤日访花有2次高峰,分别在上午9:00~10:00时和下午14:00~15:00时;熊蜂日访花频率较低,在中午11:00~12:00和下午15:00~16:00时较高;东北驼花天牛日访花高峰出现在中午前后。(3)东北驼花天牛访花时间较长,10~15 min,主要吃兴安鹿蹄草花粉。杂棘蝇访花时间较短,10~25 s,主要舔食柱头分泌物。熊蜂访花时间最短只有5~10 s,主要吃兴安鹿蹄草花粉。

英文摘要:

The species of visiting insects, visiting frequency, visiting time and visiting behavior to Pyrola dahurica (H.Andr.) Kom were preliminarily studied. The result indicated: (1) Visiting insects to P. dahurica (H.Andr.) Kom include 3 orders,10 families and 16 species, in which the pollinating insects are 9 species belonging to 5 families. The mainly pollinating insects include Phaonia hybrida ssp.,Bombus ignitus, Piidonia puziloi(Soisky) and Mordellidae sp. (2) The visiting frequency is obviously different among various  pollinating insects. The visiting frequency of P. hybrida ssp and Mordellida reaches the high peak twice each day,at 9:00~10:00 a.m. and 14:00~15:00 p.m. respectively; The visiting frequency of Bombus ignitus is very low each day, which is comparatively higher at 11:00~12:00 a.m. and 15:00~16:00 p.m. than the other time in a day; The visiting frequency of P. puziloi reaches the high peak at about noon each day.(3) Among the three main pollinating insects, the visiting time of P. puziloi is the longest, about 10~15 minutes, which mainly eats the pollen of P. dahurica. The visiting time of P. hybrida ssp is comparatively shorter, about 10~25 seconds, which mainly laps the stigma secretionof the P. dahurica, and that of B. ignitus is the shortest, about 5~10 seconds, which mainly eats the pollen of P. dahurica.

读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
版权所有©2024应用昆虫学报》编辑部 京ICP备10006425号
本系统由北京菲斯特诺科技有限公司设计开发
您是本站第9009148名访问者