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滕派蝶画的始祖和当代传人
The forefather and contemporary exponents of Tengstyle butterfly painting.
顾茂彬*,蔡卫京,陈仁利
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DOI:
作者单位:中国林业科学研究院热带林业研究所 广州,510520)
中文关键词:滕派蝶画, 蝴蝶文化, 始祖, 当代, 传人
英文关键词:Tengstyle butterfly painting, butterfly culture, forefather, contemporary, exponent
中文摘要:


滕派蝶画始于唐高祖李渊的第二十二皇子李元婴, 唐贞观十三年, 即公元639年受封为滕王, “滕派蝶画” 因此而得名。滕派蝶画有其独特的手法与风格,其绘画技艺传至元婴之子李湛然时,王府幕宾梁太尉常伴湛然作画而学得滕派蝶画真传,并独家相传数十代之久,传至梁冠三时巳是清末时期。1923年, 佟冠亚成为滕派蝶画的传人。1995年,佟冠亚之子佟起来成为当代滕派蝶画传人。滕派蝶画经历唐、宋、元、明、清1 000多年没有失传。佟起来现任中国河南滕派蝶画院院长,他事业有成, 创作了许多滕派蝶画的作品, 继承和发扬了滕派蝶画,使蝶文化既有光辉的过去,也有更加灿烂的现在与将来。


英文摘要:The Tengstyle butterfly painting was originated from Prince Li YuanYing, the 22nd son of Li Yuan, the Emperor Kaotsu of Tang Dynasty. Prince Li YuanYing was created “the King of Teng" in A.D. 639; the butterfly painting therefore acquired the name of “Tengstyle butterfly paintings". The Tengstyle butterfly painting had its unique techniques and styles. General Liang, or Liang Taiwei learned the true techniques from Li ZhanRan, the son of Li YuanYing, when those techniques were passed on to Li ZhanRan, as Liang always accompanied him while Li ZhanRan was drawing. Liang had imparted those techniques for tens of generations. It was the late Qing Dynasty when those techniques were passed on to Liang GuanSan. In 1923 Tong GuanYa became the exponent of the Tengstyle butterfly paintings. In 1995, Tong QiLai, the son of Tong Guanya, became the contemporary exponent of the Tengstyle butterfly paintings. The techniques of Tengstyle butterfly paintings were not lost in more than 1 000 years from Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming to Qing dynasties. Mr. Tong QiLai is now the president of the China Henan Academy of Tengstyle Butterfly Paintings. He is a successful painter and has many Tengstyle butterfly paintings which carry forward all the techniques of the Tengstyle butterfly paintings, making the butterfly culture to have not only the illustrious past but also the brighter present and the future.
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