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作物重要叶螨综合防控技术研究与示范推广
Integrated control techniques for spider mites on important crops
洪晓月,薛晓峰,王进军,豆威,张艳璇,陈汉杰4,张金勇4,仇贵生5,胡军华6,王少丽7,于丽辰8,沈
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DOI:
作者单位:(1. 南京农业大学南京210095;2. 西南大学重庆400716;3. 福建省农业科学院植物保护研究所
中文关键词:叶螨,朱砂叶螨,二斑叶螨,柑橘全爪螨,种群消长规律,种群遗传结构,寄生菌,综合防控技术,示范推广
英文关键词:pider mite, Tetranychus cinnabarinus, Tetranychus urticae, Panonychus citri, population fluctuation, population structure, bacteria, integrated control methods, demonstration
中文摘要:

       叶螨是一类重要的农业有害生物,近年来,在我国各地危害呈上升趋势,严重制约了粮棉果蔬等产业的可持续健康发展。在公益性行业(农业)科研专项叶螨项目资助下,课题组明确了东北果园、华北果园和北方蔬菜田叶螨种群消长规律,开展了朱砂叶螨Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval)、二斑叶螨 Tetranychus urticae Koch 和柑橘全爪螨Panonychus citri (McGregor)的种群遗传结构研究,在共生菌对叶螨生殖影响方面取得了重要进展,在生物防治和药剂防治方面已取得可喜的成绩,组建了3个叶螨的综合防治技术体系,示范面积共达3万多亩.

英文摘要:

Spider mites are important agricultural pests causing significant damage to commercial crops. In recent years, these pests have greatly hampered agricultural development in China. With support from the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture’s Special Fund for AgroScientific Research in the Public Interest, we conducted a series of studies of spider mites. Population fluctuations of spider mites were investigated in orchards in the northeastern and northern China, and in vegetable fields in the north. The population structures of the carmine spider mite, the twospotted spider mite and the citrus red mite were investigated. Important progress has been made in research on the effects of Wolbachia and Cardinium infection on the fitness of populations of the twospotted spider mite and the carmine spider mite. Significant advances have also been obtained in biocontrol and chemical control of these pests and three integrated control systems established. The total area in which integrated control has been proven effective has now reached 2 000 hm2.


 

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