刊期:双月刊
主管单位:中国科学院
主办单位:中国科学院动物研究所,中国昆虫学会
地址:北京市朝阳区北辰西路1号院5号中国科学院动物研究所
邮编:100101
电话:010-64807137
传真:010-64807137
E-Mail:entom@ioz.ac.cn
刊号:ISSN 2095-1353
        CN 11-6020/Q
国内发行代号:2-151
国际发行代号:BM-407
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:138元/册
定价:828元/年
银行汇款:中国工商银行北京海淀西区支行
户名:中国科学院动物研究所
帐号:0200 0045 0908 8125 063

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2013年50卷第2期



不同防治措施对柑橘全爪螨及橘园天敌类群的影响
The effects of different control measures on Panonychus citri and arthropod enemies in citrus orchards
方小端,欧阳革成**,卢慧林,郭明昉**,孟翔,刘慧
点击:1753次 下载:14次
DOI:
作者单位:广东省昆虫研究所广州510260
中文关键词:捕食螨,矿物油乳剂,生物源农药,柑橘全爪螨,生物多样性
英文关键词:predatory mite, mineral oil, biological pesticide, Panonychus citri, biodiversity
中文摘要:

柑橘全爪螨 Panonychus citri (McGregor)是柑橘上的重要有害生物,控制上目前仍以化学防治为主,捕食螨也在一些果园采用。安全性较高

的农药正不断推广应用,一些生物源农药也已大面积使用。不过这些农药对柑橘全爪螨及其它柑橘害虫的田间控制效果如何,是否影响到商品

捕食螨和果园自然天敌的种群维持与发展及其对柑橘害虫的持续控制,仍需较多而深入地检测和评估。2011年4—2012年1月,在广东省封开县

,选择了3个不同害虫防治措施(以阿维菌素为主,巴氏新小绥螨Neoseiulus barkeri+矿物油乳剂为主,胡瓜新小绥螨N. cucumeris+苦参

碱为主)的果园,调查比较了不同害虫防治措施对柑橘全爪螨的防治效果及对柑橘园中天敌类群的影响。试验结果显示,以巴氏新小绥螨+矿

物油乳剂为主和以胡瓜新小绥螨+苦参碱为主的果园内自然天敌的丰富度高于以阿维菌素为主的果园,其群落结构也有所不同,它们对柑橘全

爪螨和其它柑橘害虫的田间持续控制效果也比以阿维菌素为主的措施更好。

英文摘要:

Panonychus citri (McGregor) is a major pest of citrus that is still controlled predominantly by chemical pesticides,

although predatory mites are used in some orchards. Although safer chemical pesticides are now used in many citrus orchards

there is a need to determine the effects of these pesticides on predatory mites and other natural enemies of P. citri. This

experiment was carried out in citrus orchards in Fengkai County, Guangdong Province from April 2011 to January 2012. Three

treatments were investigated: (1) Abamectin used as the main control agent; (2) Matrine used as the main control agent plus

the predatory mite Neoseiulus cucumeris; (3) Mineral oil used as the main control agent plus the mite N. barkeri. The

results show that the richness of natural enemy groups in citrus orchards controlled by Matrine + N. cucumeris and by

Mineral oil + N. barkeri was higher than that in citrus orchards in which control was achieved predominantly with abamectin.

The community structures of natural enemy groups differed under the different treatments. The sustained control effects of

Matrine + N. cucumeris and Mineral oil + N. barkeri were better than those achieved by predominantly using abamectin.


读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
版权所有©2022应用昆虫学报》编辑部 京ICP备10006425号
本系统由北京菲斯特诺科技有限公司设计开发
您是本站第7384443名访问者