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Issue:ISSN 2095-1353
           CN 11-6020/Q
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2022年59 No.3

Effects of different honeybee pheromones on the honey production and reproductive performance of Apis cerana cerana
Author of the article:LI Xin;ZHANG Jin-Ming;TU Qun;IANG Wu-Jun;XI Fang-Gui;HE Xu-Jiang;ZENG Zhi-Jiang
Author's Workplace:Honeybee Research Institute, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China; Apicultural Research Institute of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang 330200, China; Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Honeybee Biology and Beekeeping, Nanchang 330045, China
Key Words:Apis cerana cerana; pheromone; β-ocimene; queen pheromones
Abstract:
[Objectives]  To investigate the effects of honeybee pheromones on Apis cerana cerana honey production and reproduction. [Methods]  Using beeswax as a medium, four complex pheromones (T1-1, T1-2, T2-1, T2-2) were created by mixing four mandibular gland pheromone gradients(9-ODA, 9-HAD, HOB, HVA)with β-ocimene. Untreated beeswax was used as the control (CK). T1-1, T1-2 were isolated in jars and β-ocimene was quantified with GC-MS after 15, 30 and 45 days. The impacts of the four complex pheromones on emergency queen rearing, honey production and the amount of bees and brood, were quantified. [Results]  The amount of released β-rolene was not significantly different between T1-1 and T1-2 after 15, 30 and 45 days, suggesting that the release of this pheromone is stable. Compared to the control group, emergency queen rearing in the T1-2 group was delayed by 2.17 days (P < 0.05). However, the four treatment groups did not differ significantly in this regard (P > 0.05). Compared to the control group, the T1-1 group had 30.18% higher honey production and 30.00% more brood (P < 0.05). The T1-2 group had 25.15% more adults bees compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The number of adult bees and the amount of brood did not, however, differ significantly among the four treatment groups (P > 0.05). [Conclusion]  Our results suggest that specific pheromones facilitate colony growth in A. c. cerana. This finding provides theoretical support for the application of pheromones in apiculture.
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